The Bengal tiger is the most numerous tiger subspecies. They can be natively found across the Indian subcontinent. They are considered to be the second largest subspecies of tiger in the world, behind the Siberian tiger. Over the past century, Bengal tiger numbers have dropped significantly; by 2011, the Bengal tiger population was estimated to be at fewer than 2,500 individuals with a decreasing trend. As of 2010, the Indian Bengal tiger populations have been estimated to be in between 1,706 to 1,909. These numbers have come about due to logging, prey dispersal, and human poaching. Since 2010, they have been classified as endangered by the IUCN. 



  • Due to their great size and strength, the Bengal tiger has no natural predators in the wild. Human poachers and habitat loss are the only threats the Bengal tiger faces.
  • Despite being considered to be the most common of all tiger species, there are less than 2,000 Bengal tigers left in the wild today.
  • The Bengal tiger is the national animal of both India and Bangladesh.
  • The Bengal tiger's scientific name is Panthera tigris tigris.
  • The IUCN has classified the Bengal tiger as endangered.
  • On average, Bengal tigers can survive in between 15 to 18 years in captivity.