The Siberian tiger is a subspecies of tiger that primarily resides in the Amur-Heilong area. By the 1940s, hunting had nearly driven the Siberian tiger to extinction, with no more than 40 individuals remaining in the wild. The subspecies was saved when Russia became the first country to grant the tiger full protection.

By the 1980s, the Siberian tiger population soared to 500. Although poaching rates increased with the fall of the Soviet Union, continued anti-poaching and conservation efforts have helped to keep the Siberian tiger population at a steady rate of around 450 individuals.